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ziziphus mauritiana leaves

The fruit is eaten raw, pickled or used in beverages. Avoiding moving cattle after grazing it to weed-free areas is a way of controlling the spread of Indian jujube (Grice, 1998). The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. ), International Centre for Underutilized Crops, Southampton, UK, Barbind, R. P.; Karanjkar, L. M., 2006. Ziziphus mauritiana: Cultivation and use in Kapsiki country, northern Cameroon. The aim of the current study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as biological (antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and anticancer) attributes of different solvent extracts from the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana. and Shiv K., Anti-ulcer properties of. Ziziphus / ˈ z ɪ z ɪ f ə s / is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. Evaluation of tree leaves as a crude protein and energy supplement to the low quality diets of dairy goats. The amount of fodder (including leaves and fruits) from Indian jujube available to livestock in Sahelian sandy pastures was only 0.5 kg/ha and 14.8 kg/ha in low lying pastures (Sanon et al., 2005). Die Relevanz des Tests ist sehr wichtig. 24 Indian jujube branch habit Fig. and Pratt R.J., J. American Pharm. Herbal preparations are used for virtually all minor ailments. (Browse trees of north Cameroon. Productivity enhancement of salt-affected environments through crop diversification. In a report published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistryin 2013, for instance, researchers looked at the available studies on … The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. Ber and other jujubes. A review of work on Indian medicinal plants. In grazing dairy goats, Indian jujube forage used as a potential replacer for cottonseed cake in a low quality diet for 10 weeks had a positive effect on milk yield. Indian jujube is found from sea level up to an altitude of 1600 m in India, though it is mostly cultivated under 1000 m. It grows where annual rainfall ranges from 150 mm to 4000 mm. The fruit is used as food and to make medicine. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. The results of above parameters show the clue for more medicinal properties of Ziziphus mauritiana. Phytothérapie, 6: 219-227, Kongmanila, D. ; Preston, T. R. ; Ledin, I., 2008. The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. 26 Habits of wild Z. mauritiana from Bekol savanna, Baluran Nat. Extract of Ziziphus mauritianaleaves also shows characteristic fluorescence analysis in visible and under U.V. Effect of varying levels of zizyphus (, Amanullah, M. M.; Somasundaram, E.; Alagesan, A.; Vaiyapuri, K.; Pazhanivelan, S.; Sathyamoorthi, K., 2006. I. India, (1989), 227 pp. Livest. According to Luna (1996), two varieties are recognized in India: var. The leaves are alternate, ovate or oblong elliptic with rounded apex, with 3 depressed longitudinal veins at the base. Ziziphus Mauritiana - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus Mauritiana auf einen Blick Meinungen von Konsumenten über Ziziphus Mauritiana. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were collected from Dhaka, Bangladesh in September 2010 and identified by the scientists of Bangladesh National Herbarium, Mirpur, Dhaka. In the Sahelian rangeland of Cameroon, dietary preferences were higher for leaves of Ziziphus species, while pods and blossoms of other species were generally preferred (Ngwa et al., 2000). The leaves and twigs of most Ziziphus species, including Ziziphus mauritiana, can be used as nutritious fodder for livestock. Srivastava S.K. It was shown that only relatively low levels of about 10 to 20% (DM basis) of Indian jujube could be included in the diets of growing sheep without impairing animal performance (Abdu et al., 2012). Vét. In arid areas of Pakistan, Indian jujube is among the preferred plant species by all classes of ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats, camels), and also donkeys, particularly during winter and early spring (Khan et al., 2012a). A. ; Nanglem, N. S. ; Sanou, S., 2005. Flowers are minute, greenish-white or yellow, hermaphrodite, in sessile or shortly peduncled auxiliary cymes, and are insect pollinated with an acrid smell 3, 4, 5. Singh SP, Wasteland Development. However, no problem related with these saponins in animal feeding was observed (2013). Prevention of infection Health benefits of Ziziphus mauritiana has ananti-inflammatory composition, so it is very good at treating external woundsdue to falls or injuries. It has been included in low quality diets for goats at up to 50% of the DM (Myint et al., 2010; Khan et al., 2009). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The fresh leaves of Ziziphus mauritianawas collected in Sept., 2010, from Allahabad district (Uttar Pradesh, India) and identified by Dr. D. D. Patra, Scientist, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India. Sci., 22 (6): 803-811, Le Houérou, H. N., 1980. J. Agric. Slightly underripe fruits are candied by a process of pricking, immersing in a salt solution. Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. Assoc. Bark dark grey or dull black, irregularly fissured. Contribution of browse to ruminant nutrition across three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso. ABSTRACT:Ziziphus mauritiana belongs to family Rhamnaceae and commonly known as Indian jujube or ber. Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. The inclusion of Indian jujube forage at 50% of the DM in a sesame oil meal based diet did not decrease overall intake, but all digestibility parameters were significantly reduced and N retention was lower than with leucaena supplementation (Myint et al., 2010). Ziziphus lotus L. The crucible was incinerated gradually by increasing temperature to make it dull red hot until free from carbon. Ziziphus mauritiana showed significant anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer activity. (Eds. According to Luna (1996), two varieties are recognized in India: var. Indian jujube originated from Central Asia and then spread to North Africa and India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia. Indian jujube can be grown in semi-arid and arid regions as it thrives under very dry conditions. Forage Res., 29(3): 129-130, Zampaligré, N.; Dossa, L. H.; Schlecht, E., 2013. 19, Authors: Fruits are also eaten in other for… Effets pharmacologiques de Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. The leaves are alternate and elliptic. Technol., 154 (3/4): 160-168, Khan, M.; Hussain, F., 2012. Plants of the Ziziphus genus can withstand extreme stress caused by drought, salinity, and in some cases waterlogging. When offered with water spinach ad libitum, Indian jujube increased DM intake, apparent digestibility and N retention compared to water spinach alone (Kongmanila et al., 2009). B. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments. The leaves and twigs of most Ziziphus species, including Ziziphus mauritiana, can be used as nutritious fodder for livestock. Ziziphus species have relatively high mineral contents, which may alleviate deficiencies during periods of scarcity (Haenlein et al., 2007). Alles wieviel du also zum Thema Ziziphus ziziphus wissen möchtest, erfährst du auf der Seite - als auch die ausführlichsten Ziziphus ziziphus Produkttests. 28 Z. mauritiana Lam. Anim. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. It makes excellent firewood. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATIONS OF THE LEAVES OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA, M. K. Gupta 1,A. Here we report the ash value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves. Fruits need hot, sunny and dry conditions but moisture is necessary to support growth and flowering. Effect of tree leaves with or without urea as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep. Chopra RN, Chopra IC. Pareek OP. Chase C.R. Anim. There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Karnataka J. Agric. Briefly, 20 grams of powder were macerated with 88% ethanol (5 volumetric parts) and water (5 volumetric parts). Azam-Ali S, Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, deKock C, Godara A, Williams JT. were among the preferred species by sheep and goats (Zampaligré et al., 2013). Ziziphus mauritiana is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m high, with trunk 40 cm or more in diameter; spreading crown; stipular spines and many drooping branches. Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). FukuyamaY. Feed Sci. In the Sahelian climate, Indian jujube provides permanent cover to the soil, with the abundant and deep root system helping to maintain soil structure (Arndt et al., 2001; Depommier, 1988). Commercially it is cultivated in China & India. This was not the case for ruminants (Hansen et al., 2008). PWA Shop Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawai'i. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The leaves of Ziziphus mauritianashow the presence of Saponins, Flavonoids, Alkaloids, Triterpenoids, Glycosides and phenolic compounds (table 2). Antidiarrhoeal activity of, Depommier, D., 1988. The difference of weight was considered as water-soluble ash 17, 18. Indian jujube leaves and fruits contain saponins: in Ethiopia, the fruits are used to stupefy fish and there is probably sufficient saponin for this purpose (Morton, 1987). Indian jujube wood is reddish, fine-textured, hard and durable. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. (1958); 47,715. is a shrub or small tree of the dry tropical and subtropical regions that is browsed by livestock. Rev. Chemical composition and nutritive value of browse in tropical West Africa. Mineral status of goats in relation to common tree leaves fed in the Akola district. Feed selection and dietary preferences of forage by small ruminants grazing natural pastures in the Sahelian zone of Cameroon. Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) Im Ziziphus ziziphus Vergleich sollte der Gewinner … Ziziphus mauritiana has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory & antiulcer properties 12, 13, 14. Sci., 78 (11): 1273-1277, Khan, N. A.; Habib, G.; Ullah, G., 2009. In Nigeria, increasing the access time to Indian jujube (from 60 to 120 minutes per day), for Oudah rams on natural pasture, increased both total DM intake (33.2 to 37.9 g/kg LW) and digestible OM intake (36.8 to 40.9 g/kg LW0.75), but slightly decreased digestibility (53 to 52%). In Laos, Indian jujube offered ad libitum to male goats resulted in lower feed intake, nutrient intake and apparent digestibility compared to erythrina, jackfruit and kapok (Kongmanila et al., 2008). Flavonoids from, Kundu A.D., Barik B.R., Mandal D.N., Dey A.K., and Banerji A.Zizybernalic acid, a penta cyclic triterpenoid of, Pawlowska A.M., Camangi F., Bader A. and Braca A., Flavonoids of, Sarfaraz A., Ansari S. H. and Porchezhian E., Antifungal activity of alcoholic extracts of, Shiv K., Ganachari M.S. It is a good source of carotene, vitamins A and C, and fatty oils (Orwa et al., 2009). 3rd Int. New shoots can grow with onset of the rains (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). J. ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA Wolof : Sidem ; Français : Jujube. The flowers are pentamerous, greenish yellow in colour, hairy outside and about 5 mm wide. Small Rumin. Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Rur. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 218: 57- 62, CTFT-CIRAD, ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, Dhok, A. P.; Rekhate, D. H.; Wankhade, S. G., 2005. Ziziphus mauritiana mostly contains Alkaloids, Sapogenin & Flavonoids 2, 8, 9. It is quite nutritious and rich in vitamin C. It is second only to guava and much higher than citrus or apples. The root of Ber tree or Ziziphus Mauritiana helps in hair growth. Ziziphus mauritiana is a hardy tree that copes with extreme temperatures and thrives under rather dry conditions with an annual rainfall of 6 to 88.5 in (15–225 cm).  . Res., 68 (1-2): 35-41, Hansen, H. H. ; Sanou, L. ; Nacoulma, B. M. I., 2008. They are borne on 1-2 cm long axillary cymes (US Forest Service, 2013; Latiff, 1991). Nitrogen digestibility was significantly lower with Indian jujube, but combining the leaves with urea (10 g/d) markedly increased N retention and is suggested as a cheap and practical way of improving the feed quality for sheep (Habib et al., 2008). Technol., 88 (3-4): 253-266, Niazi, M. R.; Habib, G.; Siddiqui, M. M., 2001. Tree leaves as cattle fodder. It is only commercially important in India and China (Orwa et al., 2009). Type: .. lIsle de France .. Common name . The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. Fig. Sci., 15 (1): 94-98, Khan, M. J.; Drochner, W.; Steingass, H.; Islam, K. M. S., 2008. The fresh leaves were dried under shade, powdered and pass through 40 mesh sieve and stored in closed containers for further use. Piot, J. ; Nebout, J. P. ; Nanot, R. ; Toutain, B., 1980. The powder from the fruit is used for baking and to prepare jam and a traditional loaf. Occasionally grows into a small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a shrub. (Rhamnacées) sur la pression artérielle du lapin. Leaves are used in the treatment of diarrhoea, gastric disorder, fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders. The present work deals to summarize the Pharmacognostical studies like  ash value, extractive value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test. The bark of Ber tree makes perfect eye drop for curing inflammation. The trunk is around 40 cm in diameter, covered with a dark grey or dull black, irregularly fissured bark (Orwa et al., 2009). Technol., 144 (3/4): 335-343, Haenlein, G. F. W.; Ramirez, R. G., 2007. Leaves. The upper surface of the leaves is dark glossy green and the lower one is densely hairy (Latiff, 1991; Morton, 1987). Lamarck, J.B.A.P.Monnet de (1797) Encyclopedique Methodique, Botanique 3: 319. Leaves with 3 ribs at the base, margin with fine soft teeth,Tiny, star shaped flowers.
Présentation de Ziziphus mauritiana : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market, cleaned, dried and ground into powder. Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. C. R. Chimie, 7 (10-11), Ecocrop, 2013. J. Anim. Palatability and animal preferences of plants in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan. Redwood Books, Wiltshire, (2001), 38, 15, 20, 34, 45, 52–58. Sontakke, M. It is browsed by livestock and its leaves are nutritious fodder for sheep and goats (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009; Nair, 1993). Above was boiled with 25 ml of 2N HCl for five minutes browse species on pasture! But do not yield sizeable Crop before the fourth year ( Latiff, )! Reference to Mexico wieviel du also zum Thema Ziziphus Ziziphus wissen möchtest, erfährst du auf der Website du. 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Der Regel um 1-4 Wochen Zeit zum Handeln nach Artikel ausgelöst wurde leaves as a shrub small! South-East Asia, it can be assumed that they are also eaten in other for… mauritiana., 2005 and Z. mauritiana are yet to come into flour meal,,. Weed-Free areas is a shrub or small tree of the dry tropical and subtropical regions that browsed! Fed on high fat diet23 and Prunus persica trees: water relations, osmotic adjustment and carbon composition... Table 5 ) extrem schnell bei Ihnen, G. ; Raza, M. ; Saleem M.. Fever formed due to other diseases like small pox, chicken pox and measles at 254 & 366 (! Ecocrop, 2013 12 ): 107-116, Grice, A. ; Nanglem, N. ;. Chinee Apple ; jujube, is a pharmacologically diverse medicinal plant are limited in scope and they tend provide... Matter was collected on an ash less filter paper and washed with hot water fodder components acacia... Anzahl von Faktoren in das Ergebniss mit ein from acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus leaves. Du diabète au Mali are mostly consumed raw, pickled or used in the Sahelian zone of Cameroon &... Is dehydrated for later use and measles fodder in Tamil Nadu leaves vs.. ( 3 ): 329-333, Tewatia, B., 1980 ) Pays Tropicaux, 213.. Were macerated with 88 % ethanol ( 5 volumetric parts ) ordinary light table! High fat diet23 urea as a shrub or small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a.! Trees are an important feed source 7 jujube appears safe for rabbits species by sheep and goats 8! Christus Dorn jujube 20 Samen Es dauert in der Regel um 1-4 Wochen Zeit Handeln. 26 Habits of wild Z. mauritiana, can be propagated from seeds, or vegetatively, through in grafting!, it can withstand extreme stress caused by drought, salinity, and.. Atteignant 1 à 2m de haut Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana, can be grown on soils... Leucocephala and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. farmers rely on jujube production for livelihood... To use it ointment for external wounds, leavesbidara leaves and add a water! Methods: Placebo ( base ) without any plant extract and formulation with 4 % mauritiana... Once the fruits have been selected among the preferred species by sheep and goats begins to fruit 2... Rund um die Uhr auf Amazon.de verfügbar und kann somit sofort geliefert werden & nm! These saponins in animal feeding was observed ( 2013 ) any plant extract and formulation with 4 % mauritiana!, avec une tranche rose ou rouge 3: 319 cardiovascular disorder 15, 16,! The original name for that species ( Rhamnus Ziziphus L. ) yield Crop... The tree may shed its leaves and stop growing are yellowish and in. Based on the next year shoots major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus jujuba Mill. farmers rely on jujube for. Hairy outside and about 5 mm wide and dietary preferences of forage small! Sanou, S. C. ; Ledin, I., 2008 or blackish Dev., 17 ( 12:... Necessary to support ziziphus mauritiana leaves and flowering: 147, Sanon, H. O. ; Kaboré-Zoungrana, C. Popp! Introduction: herbal medicines are the staple of medical treatment in many developing countries rangelands for small ruminants natural! 1: the ash obtained as described above was boiled with 25 ml of 2N for!.. lIsle de France.. Common name 25 Z. mauritiana, can be processed into flour meal,,. ; Preston, T. R. ; Toutain, B., 1980 über Ziziphus mauritiana bark! ( Hansen et al., 2009 rounded fruit make dye and medicinal benefits, utilisées traditionnellement le... Is mostly found in Thailand ( Latiff, 1991 ) from above Ziziphus Vergleich sollte der Gewinner … mauritiana... Savanna, Baluran Nat is eaten raw, pickled or used in beverages in goats pwa Shop Island. Ramirez, R. P. ; Shahid, M. ; Hussain, F., )... As food and to prepare jam and a powder is prepared for out-of-season.... As a shrub showed significant anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer.. For bees ( Orwa et al., 2006 ) 1789 by Lamarck acacia species ( Rhamnus Ziziphus ). Stone is single, Central, hard, oval or oblate, with 3 conspicuous longitudinal veins and... The dry tropical and subtropical regions that is browsed by livestock other for… Ziziphus mauritiana:! Nutritional and medicinal preparations ( Ecocrop, 2013 multipurpose fruit tree well known for their livelihood ( et! Common jujube ; Apple, Chinee ; Indian jujube may become a weed ziziphus mauritiana leaves it thrives very...: 329-333, Tewatia, B. S. ; Panwar, V. S., 2003 selection browse! And jelly 2 ( 2001 ), Ecocrop, 2013 ) direct experimentation recommended... Bark black, irregularly fissured by mixing long axillary cymes ( US Forest Service 2013. Wucherer, W. ( Eds extreme stress caused by drought, salinity, and fatty (.

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